Background: Low-fat vegetarian and vegan diets are associated with weight loss, increased insulin sensitivity, and improved cardiovascular health. Objective: We compared the effects of a low-fat vegan diet and conventional diabetes diet recommendations on glycemia, weight, and plasma lipids. Glycated hemoglobin Hb A 1c and plasma lipids were assessed at weeks 0, 11, 22, 35, 48, 61, and Weight was measured at weeks 0, 22, and In analyses before alterations in lipid-lowering medications, total cholesterol decreased by Conclusions: Both diets were associated with sustained reductions in weight and plasma lipid concentrations. In an analysis controlling for medication changes, a low-fat vegan diet appeared to improve glycemia and plasma lipids more than did conventional diabetes diet recommendations.
The study also has weaknesses. Limit your intake of sweet and sugary foods. Nine vegan and 7 conventional diet participants failed to complete wk dietary records. Much of the effect of the intervention diets on glycemia appears to be mediated by weight reduction. He is the host of the Plant Proof podcast, a leading health and wellness show that focusses on breaking down the science on nutrition for human and planetary health, and is also writing his first book which will be published by Penguin Random House early Dietary fiber and weight regulation. This article should obviously not be taken as medical advice and you should undertake any changes in your diet in consultation with your doctor. Demographic characteristics reflected those of the Washington, DC, area Table 1. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated for the relation between HB A 1c change and weight change. The software used was SAS for Windows, version 8.
Weaver CM. However, since chicken, fish, eggs and dairy products are all high in fat then when people follow this diet the improvements are often not substantial. Eat oily fish twice a week. Learn how to manage and even reverse diabetes with practical nutrition tips and support from the comfort of your home. In an effort to remove the confounding effect of medication changes, 2 additional analyses were conducted. Messina M, Wu AH. Published online Apr 1. Reduce your total fat intake and choose more mono-unsaturated fats. A plant-based diet is low in fat, which allows insulin to function properly.